PROCURE 812 is our replacement for EPON 812, the most widely used embedding resin for electron microscopy, which was discontinued in 1978. PROCURE 812 provides the same excellent preservation and cutting qualities as EPON 812, and may be substituted in all similar formulations.

Luft (1961) established EPON 812 as a reliable embedding medium, excellent both for plant and animal tissue. The same advantages offered by EPON 812, are offered by PROCURE 812: rapid penetration, greater contrast, easy sectioning, stability under the electron beam, satisfactory staining of most thick sections for light microscopy and thin sections for electron microscopy.

Recommended Procedure:

Fixation:

Tissues can be fixed in a wide range of fixatives. One of the more commonly used fixatives is an aldehyde (i.e.: glutaraldehyde) followed by osmium tetroxide.

Dehydration:

There are many different dehydration schedules that can be followed. A typical one is as follows:

70% Ethanol for 10 minutes
100% Ethanol for 10 minutes
100% Ethanol for 15 minutes
100% Propylene Oxide for 15 minutes
100% Propylene Oxide for 15 minutes

**NOTE: Longer times may be required for some samples.

MIXING INSTRUCTIONS:

Mixture A:

Small Amount

Medium Amount

Large Amount

PROCURE 812
DDSA

5 ml
8 ml

20 ml
31 ml

62 ml
100 ml

Mixture B:


PROCURE 812
NMA

8 ml
7 ml

20 ml
17 ml

100ml
90 ml

Final Embedding Mixture:

Mixture A:

13 ml

51 ml

162 ml

Mixture B:

15 ml

37 ml

190 ml

DMP-30*

.42-.56 ml

1.3-1.7 ml

5.3-7.0 ml

*For better penetration and stability, BDMA is recommended in place of the DMP-30.
The quantity of BDMA which is required is 2.5-3% while DMP-30 is 1.5-2%.

It is much simpler when mixing PROCURE 812 to use a one-step single mix formula. The following formulations may be used depending on the desired hardness of the block:


Soft

Medium

Hard

PROCURE 812

20 ml

20 ml

20 ml

DDSA

22 ml

16 ml

9 ml

NMA

5 ml

8 ml

12 ml

DMP-30

.70-.94 ml
or 1.18-1.4 ml (BDMA)

.66-.88 ml
or 1.1-1.3 ml (BDMA)

.62-.82 ml
or 1.0-1.2 ml (BDMA)

Slight variations of the accelerator (DMP-30 or BDMA) will drastically affect the colour and brittleness of the block.

Prior to measuring and mixing, the resin and the anhydride should be warmed (60°C) to reduce their viscosity. Immediately before use, the two mixtures (A&B) are blended, and the accelerator added in the above-mentioned proportion. Thorough mixing is imperative to be able to achieve uniform blocks.

While preparing PROCURE 812, the hardness of the block can be varied to suit various sectioning conditions depending on the ratio of mixture A and mixture B in the final embedding mixture. An increase in the proportion of mixture B will make the block harder. A mixture of 1:1 has proven most successful for general use. All components of the kit should be kept at room temperature in tight stoppered bottles.

Although the mixture can be stored for up to 6 months at 4°C it is highly recommended that freshly prepared embedding medium always be used. If you choose to store the mixture you should warm it thoroughly prior to adding the accelerator.

INFILTRATION:

It is recommended that for all of the infiltration steps a specimen rotator be used.

  1. Drain the tissue of most of the propylene oxide, leaving a little so the tissue does not dry out.
  2. Replace the solvent with a 1:1 solution of propylene oxide embedding medium and allow it to stand for at least 1 hour at room temperature.
  3. A second change of 2:1 embedding medium to propylene oxide at room temperature overnight is recommended.
  4. Remove the mixture, replace it with 100% embedding medium and leave for 30 minutes-2 hours at room temperature.

EMBEDDING:

This may be done in embedding capsules or a flat embedding mould.

Transfer each sample to a dry capsule or mould and fill the mould with embedding medium. Cure the medium in an oven at 60°C for 24 hours.

Blocks can be trimmed and sectioned after the blocks return to room temperature.

REFERENCES:

Luft, J.H.(1961), J. Biophys. Biochem. Cytol. 9, 409.